According to the World Health Organization,
The determinants of health include:
- the social and economic environment,
- the physical environment, and
- the person’s individual characteristics and behaviours.
The context of people’s lives determine their health, and so blaming individuals for having poor health or crediting them for good health is inappropriate. Individuals are unlikely to be able to directly control many of the determinants of health. These determinants—or things that make people healthy or not—include the above factors, and many others:
- Income and social status - higher income and social status are linked to better health. The greater the gap between the richest and poorest people, the greater the differences in health.
- Education – low education levels are linked with poor health, more stress and lower self-confidence.
- Physical environment – safe water and clean air, healthy workplaces, safe houses, communities and roads all contribute to good health. Employment and working conditions – people in employment are healthier, particularly those who have more control over their working conditions
- Social support networks – greater support from families, friends and communities is linked to better health. Culture - customs and traditions, and the beliefs of the family and community all affect health.
- Genetics - inheritance plays a part in determining lifespan, healthiness and the likelihood of developing certain illnesses. Personal behaviour and coping skills – balanced eating, keeping active, smoking, drinking, and how we deal with life’s stresses and challenges all affect health.
- Health services - access and use of services that prevent and treat disease influences health
- Gender - Men and women suffer from different types of diseases at different ages.
That is to say,
Health = 60% lifestyle + 15% genetic factors + 10% social factors + 8% medical factors + 7% climatic factors.
Generally speaking, we can't determine the social and economic environment around us, but we can determine how we live our lives. In other words, we should have a good routine, eat regularly, and maintain cleanliness and hygiene.Our hands and feet are in contact with different things every day.
Of course, the vast majority of our time is spent in our own homes. The level of hygiene in the house has a lot to do with many things, such as the hygiene of food, the health of our pets, the state of health of our family and ourselves. The importance of maintaining a clean and fresh living environment cannot be overstated.